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Birds needing a bigger entrance hole

Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major


Britain’s commonest woodpecker likes to excavate its own nesting chamber from soft-wooded deciduous trees. You can encourage them to use nestboxes putting a lump of soft wood inside, so that they can hollow out the nest cavity for themselves.

  • Large nestbox with 50mm hole

  • Nest height 3m-5m above ground

  • No nest is made

  • Egg laying starts between late April and mid June

  • 4 to 6 eggs, white

  • Incubation time 14-16 days

  • Nestlings fledge after 20-24 days


Starling Sturnus vulgaris


Starling populations have declined dramatically in recent decades – but nestboxes can help. These gregarious birds will happily nest in close proximity to their neighbours, which means you can group several boxes high on a house wall, or on adjacent trees if you have a larger garden.

  • Large nestbox with 45mm hole

  • Nest height at least 2.5m above ground

  • Nest made of a heap of plant material, lined with feathers, moss and wool

  • Egg laying starts between early April and mid June. 1 or 2 broods

  • 4 to 5 eggs, light blue

  • Incubation time 12-15 days

  • Nestlings fledge after 19-22 days


Get the whole

story on Britain's nesting birds

in Nestboxes: Your Complete Guide. Buy your copy at


See also...

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